The measurement of adult pathological demand avoidance traits

O'Nions, Elizabeth, Egan, Vincent and Lineberg, Omer (2019) The measurement of adult pathological demand avoidance traits. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49 . pp. 481-494. ISSN 0162-3257 (Print) 1573-3432 (Online) Full text available

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Pathological (“extreme”) demand avoidance (PDA) involves obsessively avoiding routine demands and extreme emotional variability. It is clinically linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The observer-rated EDA Questionnaire (EDA-Q) for children was adapted as an adult self-report (EDA-QA), and tested in relation to personality and the short-form Autism Screening Questionnaire (ASQ). Study 1 (n = 347) found the EDA-QA reliable, univariate, and correlated with negative affect, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism, and ASQ scores. Study 2 (n = 191) found low agreeableness, greater Emotional Instability, and higher scores on the full ASQ predicted EDA-QA. PDA can screened for using this tool, occurs in the general population, and is associated with extremes of personality. Future studies will examine if PDA occurs in other clinical populations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First published: 23 August 2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extreme Demand Avoidance, Autistic Spectrum Disorder, Pathological Demand Avoidance, Personality, Offending, Asperger’s Syndrome, Research & Development Unit
Subjects: Communication (incl. disorders of) > Autism
Disabilities & Disorders (mental & physical) > Behaviour Disorders
Department/People: Research
Special Units
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