Brief report: Female-to-male transsexual people and autistic traits

Di Ceglie, Domenico, Jones, Rebecca M, Wheelwright, Sally, Farrell, Krista, Martin, Emma, Green, Richard and Baron-Cohen, Simon (2012) Brief report: Female-to-male transsexual people and autistic traits. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42 (2). pp. 301-306. ISSN 0162-3257 (Print) 1573-3432 (Online)

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The ‘extreme male brain’ theory suggests females with Autism Spectrum Conditions are hyper-masculinized in certain aspects of behavior. We predicted that females with Gender Identity Disorder (who are masculinized) would have elevated Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores. AQ scores from five groups were compared: (1) n = 61 transmen (female-to-male transsexual people); (2) n = 198 transwomen (male-to-female transsexual people); (3) n = 76 typical males; (4) n = 98 typical females; and (5) n = 125 individuals with Asperger Syndrome (AS). Transmen had a higher mean AQ than typical females, typical males and transwomen, but lower than individuals with AS. Transmen have more autistic traits and may have had difficulty socializing with female peers and thus found it easier to identify with male peer groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First Published online 2011
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism, Male, Female, Transsexual, Autism Spectrum Conditions, Gender Identity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) Co-occurrence
Subjects: Communication (incl. disorders of) > Autism
Sex Psychology > Transsexualism
Department/People: Children, Young Adult and Family Services
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