On intersubjective engagement in autism: A controlled study of nonverbal aspects of conversation

Lee, Anthony, Hobson, R Peter and García-Pérez, Rosa M. (2007) On intersubjective engagement in autism: A controlled study of nonverbal aspects of conversation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (7). pp. 1310-1322. ISSN 0162-3257 (Print) 1573-3432 (Online)

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Abstract

Does autism involve a deficit in intersubjective engagement with other persons? We studied nonverbal communication in children and adolescents with and without autism (n = 12 per group), group-matched for chronological age and verbal mental age, during 3 min of a videotaped interview. In keeping with previous studies, there were only subtle but potentially revealing group differences on behavioral ratings. Participants with autism made fewer head-shakes/nods (but not smiles) when the interviewer was talking, and the interviewer made fewer head-shakes/nods when participants were talking. Yet there were marked group differences on reliable `subjective' ratings of (a) affective engagement and (b) the smoothness of reciprocal interaction. We interpret the findings in terms of a group difference in identification between conversational partners.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intersubjectivity, Identification, Communication, Conversation Intersubjectivity; Identification; Communication; Conversation
Subjects: Communication (incl. disorders of) > Autism
Department/People: Special Units
URI: http://repository.tavistockandportman.ac.uk/id/eprint/478

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