Occupational segregation and psychological gender differences: How empathizing and systemizing help explain the distribution of men and women into (some) occupations

Skagerberg, Elin and Wright, Daniel B. and Eaton, Aisa A. (2014) Occupational segregation and psychological gender differences: How empathizing and systemizing help explain the distribution of men and women into (some) occupations. Journal of Research in Personality . ISSN 0092-6566

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Abstract/Book Review

The proportion of men and women workers varies among occupation types. There are several factors that may contribute to occupational segregation by gender. Using a large U.S. sample (n = 2149), we examine the extent to which occupational segregation can be attributed to gender differences in empathizing and systematizing: Psychological dimensions which theorists argue represent meaningful differences between men and women. Of the eight occupational categories for which employee gender and occupation type were associated at the p < .01 level, four of these – Construction, Professional/Scientific/Technical fields, Management, and Education – were partially mediated by systemizing and/or empathizing scores, which typically accounted for 10–20% of the observed gender differences. For other areas, like Health, gender differences were not mediated by either measure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available online 19 June 2014
Uncontrolled Keywords: Some, Occupational Segregation, Gender, Work, Systemizing, Empathizing, Personality
Subjects: Sex Psychology > Males/Men
Management & Economics > Social Psychology of Work
Sex Psychology > Females/Women
Department/People: Special Units
Depositing User: Ms Jocelyn Wade
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 10:31
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2015 17:26
URI: http://repository.tavistockandportman.ac.uk/id/eprint/866

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