Evaluating the real-world implementation of the Family Nurse Partnership in England: protocol for a data linkage study

Kennedy, Eilis and Swarbrick, Ailsa and Harron, Katie and Gilbert, Ruth (2020) Evaluating the real-world implementation of the Family Nurse Partnership in England: protocol for a data linkage study. BMJ Open, 10 (5). ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Introduction: Almost 20 000 babies are born to teenage mothers each year in England, with poorer outcomes for mothers and babies than among older mothers. A nurse home visitation programme in the USA was found to improve a wide range of outcomes for young mothers and their children. However, a randomised controlled trial in England found no effect on short-term primary outcomes, although cognitive development up to age 2 showed improvement. Our study will use linked routinely collected health, education and social care data to evaluate the real-world effects of the Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) on child outcomes up to age 7, with a focus on identifying whether the FNP works better for particular groups of families, thereby informing programme targeting and resource allocation. Methods and analysis: We will construct a retrospective cohort of all women aged 13–24 years giving birth in English NHS hospitals between 2010 and 2017, linking information on mothers and children from FNP programme data, Hospital Episodes Statistics and the National Pupil Database. To assess the effectiveness of FNP, we will compare outcomes for eligible mothers ever and never enrolled in FNP, and their children, using two analysis strategies to adjust for measured confounding: propensity score matching and analyses adjusting for maternal characteristics up to enrolment/28 weeks gestation. Outcomes of interest include early childhood development, childhood unplanned hospital admissions for injury or maltreatment-related diagnoses and children in care. Subgroup analyses will determine whether the effect of FNP varied according to maternal characteristics (eg, age and education). Ethics and dissemination: The Nottingham Research Ethics Committee approved this study. Mothers participating in FNP were supportive of our planned research. Results will inform policy-makers for targeting home visiting programmes. Methodological findings on the accuracy and reliability of cross-sectoral data linkage will be of interest to researchers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Received 13 March 2020, Revised 01 April 2020, Accepted 02 April 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Family Nurse Partnership, Teenage Pregnancy, Motherhood
Subjects: Families > Childbirth
Families > Families - Social Welfare
Health and Medical Sciences > Patient Care
Department/People: Children, Young Adult and Family Services
URI: http://repository.tavistockandportman.ac.uk/id/eprint/2237

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