The economic cost of treatment-resistant depression in patients referred to a specialist service

Rost, Felicitas and Koutoufa, Iakovina and Stephanou, Stephanie and Taylor, David and McCrone, Paul and Koeser, Leonardo and Knapp, Martin and Goldberg, David and Fonagy, Peter (2017) The economic cost of treatment-resistant depression in patients referred to a specialist service. Journal of Mental Health . ISSN 0963-8237

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Background: Patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) suffer very significant morbidity and are at a disadvantage concerning optimal clinical management. There are high associated societal costs. Aims: A detailed analysis of health economic costs in the United Kingdom in a group manifesting a severe form of TRD in the 12 months before their participation in a major randomized controlled treatment trial. Methods: The sample consisted of 118 participants from the Tavistock Adult Depression Study. Recruitment was from primary care on the basis of current major depression disorder of at least 2 years' duration and two failed treatment attempts. Service utilization was assessed based on self-report and general practitioner (GP) medical records. Generalized linear models were used to identify predictors of cost. Results: All participants used GP services. Use of other doctors and practice nurses was also high. The mean total societal cost was £22 124, 80% of which was due to lost work and care required of families. Level of general functioning was found to be the most consistent predictor of costs. Conclusions: Severe forms of TRD are associated with high costs in which unpaid care and lost work predominate. Treatments that improve functioning may reduce the large degree of burden.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Treatment-Resistant Depression, Burden, Cost Economic Analysis
Subjects: Disabilities & Disorders (mental & physical) > Depression
Health and Medical Sciences > General Practice
Department/People: Adult and Forensic Services

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